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A new taxonomic backbone for the infrageneric classification of the species-rich genusSilene(Caryophyllaceae)

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Farzaneh Jafari
S. Zarre
A. Gholipour
F. Eggens
R. K. Rabeler
Bengt Oxelman
Publicerad i Taxon
Volym 69
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 337-368
ISSN 0040-0262
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för biologi och miljövetenskap
Sidor 337-368
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1002/tax.12230
Ämnesord infrageneric taxonomy, nrDNA ITS, rps16, Sileneae, systematics, taxonomy, bayesian phylogenetic inference, nuclear ribosomal DNA, silene, caryophyllaceae, evolution, chloroplast, section, origin, delimitation, performance, reticulate, Plant Sciences, Evolutionary Biology
Ämneskategorier Biologiska vetenskaper


The systematization of species in plant taxonomy based on the phylogenetic relationships among them are of utmost importance and also very challenging in large genera. In those, phylogenetic results often may suggest substantially different relationships than previous classifications, and call for large-scale taxonomic revisions. Delimitation of the genusSilenehas been and is still somewhat controversial, and recent molecular phylogenetic studies have settled several monophyletic groups that differ substantially from previous taxonomies. The infrageneric taxonomy ofSilenes.str. has not been updated as a whole taking the phylogenetic information into account. In this study, we review previous phylogenetic results based on multiple loci, and conducted comprehensive gene tree analyses based on the nrDNA ITS and cpDNArps16regions for 1586 and 944 samples representing 415 and 397 species, respectively, includingSileneand its allies, as well as a species tree analysis including 262 samples representing 243 species. We sampled representatives from all 44 sections recognized in the most recent global revision of the genus. The results support the recognition of three subgenera, i.e.,S.subg.Behenantha,S.subg.LychnisandS. subg.Silene, which is partly in agreement with previous molecular phylogenetic findings and contradicts all previous traditional classifications.Silenesect.Atocion, with a few annual species showing a narrow distribution range in the eastern Mediterranean, is treated as incertae sedis because of its uncertain phylogenetic position, possibly due to exceptionally high substitution rates.Silenesubg.Lychnis, weakly supported as sister to the other subgenera, splits into three main clades and includes four sections.Silenesubg.Behenantha, which forms a possible sister group in relation toS.subg.Silene, is poorly resolved basally and includes a large number of mostly small clades recognized as 18 sections. InS.subg.Silene, 11 sections are recognized, among which four are broadly circumscribed:S.sect.Auriculatae,S.sect.Sclerocalycinae,S.sect.SileneandS.sect.Siphonomorpha.Silenesect.AcutifoliaeandS.sect.Portensesare described here as new taxa, whereas new status or new combinations are proposed forS.sect.Anotites,S.sect.Muscipula,S.sect.Petrocoma,S.sect.Pulvinatae,S.sect.SclerophyllaeandS.sect.Uebelinia. Five new combinations and two new names are proposed for taxa inSileneformerly assigned toLychnisandUebelinia. The correct infrageneric nomenclature compatible with the new infrageneric system is provided along with synonymy and type citations. Shortcomings of this study, such as the lack of a morphological diagnostic key and sparse sampling of some large sections, are listed and discussed.

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