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Refined detection and phasing of structural aberrations in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia by linked-read whole-genome sequencing

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare J. Nordlund
Y. Marincevic-Zuniga
L. Cavelier
A. Raine
T. Martin
A. Lundmark
Jonas Abrahamsson
U. Norén-Nyström
G. Lönnerholm
A. C. Syvänen
Publicerad i Scientific Reports
Volym 10
Nummer/häfte 1
ISSN 20452322 (ISSN)
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för pediatrik
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-59214...
Ämneskategorier Pediatrik, Cancer och onkologi

Sammanfattning

Structural chromosomal rearrangements that can lead to in-frame gene-fusions are a leading source of information for diagnosis, risk stratification, and prognosis in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Traditional methods such as karyotyping and FISH struggle to accurately identify and phase such large-scale chromosomal aberrations in ALL genomes. We therefore evaluated linked-read WGS for detecting chromosomal rearrangements in primary samples of from 12 patients diagnosed with ALL. We assessed the effect of input DNA quality on phased haplotype block size and the detectability of copy number aberrations and structural variants in the ALL genomes. We found that biobanked DNA isolated by standard column-based extraction methods was sufficient to detect chromosomal rearrangements even at low 10x sequencing coverage. Linked-read WGS enabled precise, allele-specific, digital karyotyping at a base-pair resolution for a wide range of structural variants including complex rearrangements and aneuploidy assessment. With use of haplotype information from the linked-reads, we also identified previously unknown structural variants, such as a compound heterozygous deletion of ERG in a patient with the DUX4-IGH fusion gene. We conclude that linked-read WGS allows detection of important pathogenic variants in ALL genomes at a resolution beyond that of traditional karyotyping and FISH. © 2020, The Author(s).

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