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Sense of coherence in adults with congenital heart disease in 15 countries: Patient characteristics, cultural dimensions and quality of life.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Philip Moons
Silke Apers
Adrienne H Kovacs
Corina Thomet
Werner Budts
Junko Enomoto
Maayke A Sluman
Jou-Kou Wang
Jamie L Jackson
Paul Khairy
Stephen C Cook
Shanthi Chidambarathanu
Luis Alday
Erwin Oechslin
Katrine Eriksen
Mikael Dellborg
Malin Berghammer
Bengt Johansson
Andrew S Mackie
Samuel Menahem
Maryanne Caruana
Gruschen Veldtman
Alexandra Soufi
Susan M Fernandes
Kamila White
Edward Callus
Shelby Kutty
Koen Luyckx
Publicerad i European journal of cardiovascular nursing
Sidor 1474515120930496
ISSN 1873-1953
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Centrum för personcentrerad vård vid Göteborgs universitet (GPCC)
Institutionen för medicin
Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa
Sidor 1474515120930496
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1177/1474515120930496
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämneskategorier Psykologi, Hälsovetenskaper

Sammanfattning

Previous studies have found that sense of coherence (SOC) is positively related to quality of life (QoL) in persons with chronic conditions. In congenital heart disease (CHD), the evidence is scant.We investigated (i) intercountry variation in SOC in a large international sample of adults with CHD; (ii) the relationship between demographic and clinical characteristics and SOC; (iii) the relationship between cultural dimensions of countries and SOC; and (iv) variation in relative importance of SOC in explaining QoL across the countries.APPROACH-IS was a cross-sectional, observational study, with 4028 patients from 15 countries enrolled. SOC was measured using the 13-item SOC scale (range 13-91) and QoL was assessed by a linear analog scale (range 0-100).The mean SOC score was 65.5±13.2. Large intercountry variation was observed with the strongest SOC in Switzerland (68.8±11.1) and the lowest SOC in Japan (59.9±14.5). A lower SOC was associated with a younger age; lower educational level; with job seeking, being unemployed or disabled; unmarried, divorced or widowed; from a worse functional class; and simple CHD. Power distance index and individualism vs collectivism were cultural dimensions significantly related to SOC. SOC was positively associated with QoL in all participating countries and in the total sample, with an explained variance ranging from 5.8% in Argentina to 30.4% in Japan.In adults with CHD, SOC is positively associated with QoL. The implementation of SOC-enhancing interventions might improve QoL, but strategies would likely differ across countries given the substantial variation in explained variance.

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