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Labour market conflicts in Scandinavia, c. 1900–1938: The scientific need to separate strikes and lockouts

Working paper
Författare Jesper Hamark
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för ekonomi och samhälle, Ekonomisk historia
Språk en
Länkar hdl.handle.net/2077/63624
Ämnesord Lockouts, strikes, labour conflicts, cross-country comparisons, strike methodology, Scandinavia
Ämneskategorier Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi), Ekonomisk historia, Arbetslivsstudier

Sammanfattning

Research on labour markets conflicts has come a long way. Today we know that conflicts vary over business cycles and with the design of labour market institutions; they tend to cluster around wars and return in longer waves; certain branches are affected by conflicts more than others, and conflicts in the last couple of decades have been feminised and tertiarised. Yet we could do better. With few exceptions quantitative studies are about conflicts, that is, strikes and lockouts in amalgamation. Analytically separating strikes and lockouts has the potential of shedding new light on several debates of historical and theoretical importance. While the distinction between the two types of conflicts has general implications, in this paper I make specific references to the three Scandinavian countries, namely Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Employers and employees struggle over influence and division of income. Occasionally the two parties use, or threaten to use, their respective tools: the lockout and the strike. The day the scientific community decides to treat employers and employees as a single entity, we should also do the same with lockouts and strikes. But not before.

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