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Clinical Factors Affecting Condition-Specific Quality-of-Life Domains in Pediatric Patients after Repair of Esophageal Atresia: The Swedish-German EA-QOL Study

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Michaela Dellenmark-Blom
J. Quitmann
J. Dingemann
S. Witt
B. M. Ure
M. Bullinger
L. Jonsson
V. Gatzinsky
C. Dingemann
Publicerad i European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Volym 30
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 96-103
ISSN 0939-7248
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för pediatrik
Sidor 96-103
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1693729
Ämnesord esophageal atresia, quality of life, health-related quality of life, pediatric surgery, children, follow-up, adolescents born, task-force, children, health, complications, support, prevalence, outcomes, surgery, Pediatrics, Surgery
Ämneskategorier Klinisk medicin

Sammanfattning

Introduction We aimed to identify clinical factors affecting condition-specific health related quality of life (HRQOL) domains in children born with esophageal atresia (EA). This can facilitate preventive care to risk groups of HRQOL impairments. Materials and Methods A total of 124 Swedish and German families of EA children answered the validated EA-QOL questionnaires (response rate 68%), for evaluation of three HRQOL domains in children 2 to 7 years old (53 parents) and four HRQOL domains in children 8 to 17 years old (62 children/71 parents). Clinical data were collected through medical records and a questionnaire. Statistics included between-group analysis, univariable and stepwise multivariable regression analysis, p < 0.05. Results Between 2 to 7 years, no primary anastomosis ( p = 0.022) and female gender ( p = 0.026) predicted worse scores related to "physical health and treatment," and gastrostomy insertion related to "eating" ( p = 0.0001), and "social isolation and stress" ( p = 0.001). Between 8 to 17 years, no primary anastomosis (child report), prematurity, esophageal dilatation (parent report) predicted poor HRQOL related to "eating" ( p < 0.05), associated anomalies to "body perception" ( p = 0.031, parent report), female gender ( p = 0.018, child report) and severe EA ( p = 0.011 child report, p = 0.004 parent report) to "social relationships," and severe EA predicted worse "health and well-being" scores ( p = 0.004, parent report). An increased number of digestive symptoms (difficulty swallowing food, heartburn, and vomiting), lowered all EA-QOL domain scores in both age groups ( p < 0.001). An increased number of respiratory problems (cough, wheezing, airway infections. breathlessness, and chest tightness), lowered scores in two HRQOL domains among children 2 to 7 years ( p < 0.05). Conclusion Impairments within condition-specific HRQOL domains in EA children are found in congenital and surgical subgroups, and notably related to digestive symptoms throughout childhood.

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