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Prevalence of hearing loss and need for aural rehabilitation in 85-year-olds: a birth cohort comparison, almost three decades apart

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Hanna Göthberg
Ulf Rosenhall
T. Tengstrand
Lina Rydén
Hanna Wetterberg
Ingmar Skoog
André M. Sadeghi
Publicerad i International Journal of Audiology
Sidor 10
ISSN 1499-2027
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för hälsa och rehabilitering
Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi
Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi
Centrum för åldrande och hälsa (AgeCap)
Sidor 10
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2020.17...
Ämnesord age-related hearing loss (ARHL), aging, cohort-study, population-based, pure-tone audiometry, sex-differences, age, impairment, presbyacusis, disability, health, adults, life, Audiology & Speech-Language Pathology, Otorhinolaryngology
Ämneskategorier Geriatrik

Sammanfattning

Objective: Many individuals >80 years have difficulties with speech communication due to age-related hearing loss and would benefit from aural rehabilitation. As the proportion of older people increases, there is a need to investigate the prevalence of "disabling hearing loss" to calculate future rehabilitation need. The aims are to determine the prevalence of hearing loss in an unscreened birth cohort of 85-year olds, and to identify differences in audiometric results between two birth cohorts, born 28-29 years apart. Design: This is a population-based, cross-sectional study that is part of the Gothenburg H70 Birth Cohort Studies. Study sample: Hearing thresholds were measured and compared between 85-year olds born in 1930 (n = 286) and 1901-1902 (n = 249). Results: Based on the WHO criteria, the prevalence of "disabling hearing loss" was 45% for men and 43% for women in the latest birth cohort. Hearing thresholds (0.5-4 kHz) for men improved compared with the earlier birth cohort. No such difference was observed for women. Conclusion: The prevalence of age-related hearing loss over three decades has decreased among 85-year-old men, but has been retained in women. The improvement for men occurred predominantly in the low-mid frequencies. An increased need for aural rehabilitation is expected due to demographic changes.

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