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Europe of Nations, Europe Without Nationalism

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Mats Andrén
Publicerad i History of European Ideas
Volym 46
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 13-24
ISSN 0191-6599
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för litteratur, idéhistoria och religion
Sidor 13-24
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1080/01916599.20...
Ämnesord Transnationalism, European federation, Karl Jaspers, Salvador Madariaga, Denis Rougemont, Stephen Spender
Ämneskategorier Idé- o lärdomshistoria

Sammanfattning

In the end of the 1940s and early 1950s, the discussion among authors, philosophers and other intellectuals on the future of Europe took on themes from the inter war period like crisis, decline and nihilism, but they also added new takes. This contextual examination treats a transnational discourse on European cultural unity. As a starting point, it takes the changing framework of the postwar era with on the one hand the early repeating of the crisis-views and on the other hand the Iron wall and communist threat. The article includes four intellectuals from different countries. Among them, Salvador Madariaga and Denis Rougemont were stout Europeanists that opposed the idea of the nationalism already before the war. Also at that time Karl Jaspers and Stephen Spender critiqued their societies but came out as Europeanists only after the Second World War. They met at congresses and paid significant attention to the concept of Europe. I make use of the proceedings from the congress L’esprit européen (1946) and their treaties on Europe from the following years. The article investigates this discourse with a focus on how Jaspers, Madariaga, Rougemont and Spender assessed the intersection of European unity with nation and nationalism.

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