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A randomized controlled pilot study of the effects of 6-week high intensity hatha yoga protocol on health-related outcomes among students

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare M. E. Papp
M. Nygren-Bonnier
Lennart Gullstrand
P. E. Wandell
P. Lindfors
Publicerad i Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Volym 23
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 766-772
ISSN 1360-8592
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap
Sidor 766-772
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2019.05.0...
Ämneskategorier Idrottsvetenskap

Sammanfattning

Objective: Modern hatha yoga exercises (YE) provide an alternative form of physical activity which may reduce stress, facilitate recovery and improve health. This study investigated the short-term effects of high intensity hatha yoga exercises (HIY) on health-related outcomes. Methods: A 6-week randomized controlled study was performed to compare HIY with a control group not changing their exercise behavior. Healthy students (N = 44; median age: 25 years, range 20-39 years; HIY: n = 21, including 3 men; control group: n = 23, including 3 men) novice to yoga participated in the intervention which included one weekly class and recommended home training. Participants provided self-reports in questionnaires before and after the intervention. Self-reports included anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), stress (Perceived Stress Scale), sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index), insomnia (Insomnia Severity Index), subjective health complaints (Common Symptoms in General Practice Index) and self-rated health (single-item). Results: After the 6-week intervention, there were no between-group differences in anxiety, depression, stress, sleep or self-rated health. However, when investigating associations within the HIY-group, a higher HIY-dose was related to less depression (r = 0.47; p = 0.03), improved sleep quality (r = 0.55; p = 0.01), and less insomnia (r = 0.49; p = 0.02). Conclusions: There were no short-term between-group effects of HIY on mental distress, sleep or self-rated health. However, within the HIY-group, a higher dose was associated with improved mental health in terms of depression and with improved sleep. Although future studies with larger samples are needed, these preliminary findings suggest short-term positive effects of HIY on health-related outcomes among students. Trial registration number: NCT01305096. (c) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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