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People with Haemophilia and Female Carriers in Sweden have a Higher Risk of Developing Anxiety, Depression and Pain Based on Treatment Patterns as Compared to Matched Controls: Data from a Registry Study over a Period of 11 Years

Paper i proceeding
Författare K Steen Carlsson
B Winding
J Astermark
Fariba Baghaei
Elisabeth Brodin
E Funding
M Holmström
P Petrini
K Österholm
S Bergenstråle
E Andersson
S Lethagen
Publicerad i ISTH 2019 abstract OC 32.3
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för klinisk neurovetenskap
Institutionen för medicin
Språk en
Länkar https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi...
Ämnesord Smärta, ångest, depression, hemofili, bärare
Ämneskategorier Hematologi

Sammanfattning

Background: People with haemophilia (PwH) have increased risk of bleeds associated with acute and chronic pain, and long-term disability. Anxiety and depression are other determinants negatively affecting quality of life in PwH. Despite the severity of these co-morbidities, they have not been extensively investigated and associations between them even less. Aims: The MIND study (NCT03276130) aims to identify patterns of prescribed pain, anti-depressive and anti-anxiety medication and management of pain, depression and anxiety in PwH in four Nordic countries, based on patient registry data (A) and surveys (B). Here we describe current and retrospective treatment patterns of prescribed medication (part A) in PwH in Sweden, explore associations with the PwH background and complication characteristics, and compare prescribed medication use between PwH and the general population. Methods: This 11-year (2007-2017) retrospective population-based registry study, uses international classification systems for diagnoses, surgeries and medications. The study population includes all ages and was identified by diagnosis of haemophilia A or B, or at least one prescription of any factor VIII, IX, or bypassing agent. For each study subject, five age and gender-matched controls were included. Results: Data were extracted for 1550 PwH. The study population is shown in figure 1. The probability of being prescribed with analgesics, neuroleptics and anti-depressants in PwH compared to controls are shown in Table 1. Conclusions : A substantially higher prescription of analgesics in Swedish PwH as compared to controls suggests a need for increased focus on pain management including improved bleed protection and prevention of, e.g. arthropathy. The increased prescription of neurolep-tics and anti- depressants demonstrates that anxiety and depression are overrepresented in PwH and underscores the importance of identifying and managing the broad PwH population including non- frequent health care users. A similar prescription pattern was seen in female carriers suggesting a need for high medical attention and further research to address knowledge gaps.

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