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Glycogenin is dispensable for glycogen synthesis in human muscle and glycogenin deficiency causes polyglucosan storage.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Kittichate Visuttijai
Carola Oldfors Hedberg
Christer Thomsen
Emma Glamuzina
Cornelia Kornblum
Giorgio Tasca
Aurelio Hernandez-Lain
Joakim Sandstedt
Göran Dellgren
Peter Roach
Anders Oldfors
Publicerad i The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
Volym 105
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 557–566
ISSN 1945-7197
Publiceringsår 2020
Publicerad vid Institutionen för biomedicin
Sidor 557–566
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgz075
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämneskategorier Klinisk medicin

Sammanfattning

To investigate the importance of glycogenin-1 and glycogenin-2 for glycogen synthesis in skeletal and cardiac muscle.Glycogenin-1 and glycogenin-2 expression was analyzed by western blot, mass spectrometry, and immunohistochemistry in liver, heart, and skeletal muscle from controls and in skeletal and cardiac muscle from patients with glycogenin-1 deficiency.Both glycogenin-1 and glycogenin-2 were found to be expressed in liver, but only glycogenin-1 was identified in heart and skeletal muscle from controls. In patients with truncating GYG1 mutations, neither glycogenin-1 nor glycogenin-2 was expressed in skeletal muscle. However, non-functional glycogenin-1 but not glycogenin-2 was identified in cardiac muscle from patients with cardiomyopathy due to GYG1 missense mutations. By immunohistochemistry, the mutated glycogenin-1 co-localized with the storage of glycogen and polyglucosan in cardiomyocytes.Glycogen can be synthesised in the absence of glycogenin, and glycogenin-1 deficiency is not compensated for by upregulation of functional glycogenin-2. Absence of glycogenin-1 leads to focal accumulation of glycogen and polyglucosan in skeletal muscle fibers. Expression of mutated glycogenin-1 in the heart is deleterious, and it leads to storage of abnormal glycogen and cardiomyopathy.

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