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Estimating car use rebound effects from Swedish microdata

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare David Andersson
R. Linscott
J. Nassen
Publicerad i Energy Efficiency
ISSN 1570-646X
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12053-019-09823...
Ämnesord Fuel efficiency, Rebound effect, Cars, Sweden, fuel efficiency standards, energy efficiency, passenger cars, consumption, travel
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

The direct rebound effect for private car transport was estimated by following a large sample of Swedish households (28,876) that acquired a new car in 2009. For some households, this resulted in an improvement in fuel efficiency, whereas others acquired a less or similarly fuel efficient car. The households' travel distances were measured and analysed for a period of 3 years before and 3 years after the car was replaced. This approach differs from previous econometric analyses in which fleet-average changes in distance travelled were studied, often using fluctuations in fuel cost as a proxy for changes in fuel efficiency. No significant bivariate relationship was found between changes in fuel efficiency and annual distance travelled but a multivariate analysis that also included changes in income, number of cars in the household, car weight and car power, resulted in a significant rebound effect of 24 %. Households who bought a car that was labelled 'green' did not exhibit any rebound effect, while households who bought a 'normal' car displayed a rebound effect of 32 %. This could indicate that households that buy a car with improved fuel efficiency for environmental reasons also avoid the economically induced rebound effect. The analysis did not indicate any significant differences in the rebound effect between different socio-demographic groups.

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