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The frequency of enamel and dentin caries lesions among elderly Norwegians

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare A. Mulic
A. B. Tveit
K. R. Stenhagen
N. Oscarson
F. Staxrud
Birgitta Jönsson
Publicerad i Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
ISSN 0001-6357
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi, sektion 2
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016357.2019.16...
Ämnesord Caries prevalence, elderly, root caries, secondary caries, oral-health, people, norway, adults, trends, teeth, oslo, Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine
Ämneskategorier Odontologi

Sammanfattning

Aim: To describe the distribution of enamel-, dentin-, root- and secondary caries within an elderly population in Northern-Norway. Material and methods: A study population (n = 1 173) was divided into age groups: 65-69 (seniors), 70-74 (young elderly), 75-79 (elderly) and 80-94 (old elderly). Seven examiners registered presence, location and severity of caries lesions on x-rays and intra-oral photos. Severity of approximal, occlusal, secondary and root caries was graded (D1-2: into enamel; D3-5: into dentin, root caries)(,) and decayed missing filled surfaces/teeth (DMFS/DMFT) were calculated. T-test, ANOVA and a Bonferroni correction were used. Results: The seniors had more primary caries (DS1-5) compared to the oldest age groups, while the old elderly had significantly more secondary caries than the other groups (p < .05). Of those >= 65 years 13.8% were affected with root caries, 21% among the oldest. About 48% of the old elderly had one or more surfaces with untreated caries lesions into dentin, while for the other groups the number was 35% (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Individuals seem to maintain good oral health up to at least 80 years of age. Those older than 80 years have more root caries needing more intensified caries-controlling measures and a higher prevalence of untreated dentin lesions often in need of operative treatment.

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