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GENDER EQUALITY AND AGEING IN THE GOVERNANCE OF ARCTIC

Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet)
Författare Eva-Maria Svensson
Publicerad i IAGG-ER Conference 2019
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Juridiska institutionen
Centrum för åldrande och hälsa (AgeCap)
Språk en
Ämneskategorier Juridik och samhälle

Sammanfattning

Objectives: To evaluate how discrimination based on age and gender is addressed in the governance of the Arctic. The intersection between ageing and gender equality is of specific interest due to the specific vulnerability identified among older women in the North. The Arctic is an area exposed to conflicting economic, environmental and social interests, and governed by various stakeholders. Focus is on intergovernmental bodies established by the eight Arctic States, responsible for implementing the political and legal obligations resting on the States. Theories and methods: Political and legal obligations regarding ageing and gender equality, and expectations on the eight States differ. A conceptual framework classifying various state models (passive/active, Rechtsstaat/welfare state) and the relation between policy and law are used to reflect upon the governance regarding ageing and gender equality in the specific region. The Nordic welfare state has been and is still expected to govern actively. Concepts such as ‘putting life in order’ (Hirdman 1989) and ‘women-friendly state (Hernes 1987) captures a specific notion of the state as rational, active, and striving for a good life for everyone, and of the relationship between the state and its citizens. The Nordic welfare state has focused both “working life” (the public) and “the small life” (the private). Results: The lack of interests for gender equality and ageing in the Arctic showed by previous research, (by e.g. Lahey et al, Svensson & Gunnarsson, Nord, Naskali, Wennberg, Begum), could be explained with conflicting notions of and expectations on the state. Conclusion: In order to strengthen the situation for older women in the North, a critical review of the intergovernmental governance of the Arctic is essential.

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