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Testing Bidirectional Associations Between Childhood Aggression and BMI: Results from Three Cohorts

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare I. P. M. Derks
K. Bolhuis
Z. Yalcin
R. Gaillard
M. H. J. Hillegers
H. Larsson
Sebastian Lundström
P. Lichtenstein
C. E. M. van Beijsterveldt
M. Bartels
D. I. Boomsma
H. Tiemeier
P. W. Jansen
Publicerad i Obesity
Volym 27
Nummer/häfte 5
Sidor 822-829
ISSN 1930-7381
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa
Sidor 822-829
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.22419
Ämnesord body-mass index, externalizing behavior, antisocial-behavior, obesity, overweight, children, twin, serotonin, checklist, model, Endocrinology & Metabolism, Nutrition & Dietetics
Ämneskategorier Pediatrik, Hälsovetenskaper

Sammanfattning

Objective This study examined the prospective, potentially bidirectional association of aggressive behavior with BMI and body composition across childhood in three population-based cohorts. Methods Repeated measures of aggression and BMI were available from the Generation R Study between ages 6 and 10 years (N = 3,974), the Netherlands Twin Register (NTR) between ages 7 and 10 years (N = 10,328), and the Swedish Twin Study of Child and Adolescent Development (TCHAD) between ages 9 and 14 years (N = 1,462). In all samples, aggression was assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist. Fat mass and fat-free mass were available in the Generation R Study. Associations were examined with cross-lagged modeling. Results Aggressive behavior at baseline was associated with higher BMI at follow-up in the Generation R Study (beta = 0.02, 95% CI: 0.00 to 0.04), in NTR (beta = 0.04, 95% CI: 0.02 to 0.06), and in TCHAD (beta = 0.03, 95% CI: -0.02 to 0.07). Aggressive behavior was prospectively associated with higher fat mass (beta = 0.03, 95% CI: 0.01 to 0.05) but not fat-free mass. There was no evidence that BMI or body composition preceded aggressive behavior. Conclusions More aggressive behavior was prospectively associated with higher BMI and fat mass. This suggests that aggression contributes to the obesity problem, and future research should study whether these behavioral pathways to childhood obesity are modifiable.

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