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Consecutive clause combinations in instructing activities: Swedish talk-in-interaction in the context of physical training

Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet)
Författare Jan Lindström
Camilla Lindholm
Inga-Lill Grahn
Martina Huhtamäki
Jenny Nilsson
Publicerad i 5th International Conference on Conversation Analysis, Loughborough, UK
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid
Språk en
Länkar www.icca2018.org/wp-content/uploads...
Ämneskategorier Svenska språket

Sammanfattning

This study investigates clause combinations in Swedish talk-in-interaction in which a first clausal unit is followed by a clause that stands in a consecutive semantic relation to the preceding one. As the syntactic instantiations are studied in natural spoken interaction, their construction varies from clearly-defined bi-clausal structures to less tightly-knit serial packages in which the consecutive relation emerges incrementally in a sequence of utterances and speaker turns. To address this variety, we aim 1) to account for recurrent syntactic-grammatical features in consecutive clause combinations, 2) to analyze the multimodal emergence of clause combinations in their interactional-sequential context. Such an interactional-grammatical analysis of Swedish consecutives has not been made to date. We concentrate our analysis on interactional sequences in which some kind of instructing activity is taking place. The data consists of sessions between personal trainers/physiotherapists and their clients: the trainer/therapist typically instructs the client about the performance and the effects of a certain training program or a single exercise. Such instructing activities involve directives, explanations and motivations addressed to the client and are often expressed in multi-clausal turns. The following extract from an interaction between a physiotherapist (P) and his client (C) illustrates this use: P has demonstrated how C should move her thigh and told her to lie down on her belly and put a strap to her right leg. C is now lying down and P has directed her to move her right leg with the strap. To demonstrate that this movement is difficult in this position, he instructs her to move her left, unstrapped leg (gör me de här bene ‘do (it) with this leg’ in line 1); in line 3, an adverbial så initiates a clause with consecutive content: så märker du att de går no ‘so you’ll see that you can make it’. 01 P: *gör me de här bene, *P is pointing at C’s left leg. ’do it with this leg’ 02 *(0.7) *C, lying on her belly, lifts up her left leg below the knee. 03 P: så märker du att (.) de går no ’so you’ll see that (.) you can make it’ 04 P: [.h *hi]t ända har man kraft å dra *P takes a hold of C’s leg. ‘up to this point you have strength to draw’ 05 C: [jå ] ‘yeah’ Not uncommon for such instructing sequences in our data, we get the following sequential structure: 1) instruction (line 1), 2) complying (non-verbal) action (line 2), and 3) elaboration of the instruction in a consecutive clause (line 3). Our data consists of ten hours of video recordings and it is collected in Sweden and Finland. As it thus represents the two national varieties of Swedish, we will also address the question whether the formation of the actions involving consecutive clause combinations displays syntactic or pragmatic differences between Sweden Swedish and Finland Swedish.

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