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Phrasal expressions as instructing actions in health-promoting activities in Sweden Swedish and Finland Swedish

Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet)
Författare Inga-Lill Grahn
Martina Huhtamäki
Publicerad i 15th International Pragmatics Conference, Belfast, UK
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid
Språk en
Länkar https://ipra.uantwerpen.be/main.asp...
Ämneskategorier Svenska språket


In this paper we present a study of phrasal expressions in instructing sequences in health-promoting activities. Our data consist of video-recordings of sessions with personal trainers and clients. The study focuses on a collection of about 500 instances of phrasal expressions, i.e. expressions without a finite verb form, occurring in instruction sequences (Teleman et al. 1999, Lindstr?6m 2008). These phrases are frequently used and their semantic content is minimal (e.g. up up up! or heel backwards!), which makes it relevant to explore how institutional prerequisites and ongoing bodily activities contributes to an intersubjective understanding of the actions in progress (Keevallik 2013, de Stefani & Gazin 2014, Lindström et al. forthc.). The aim of this study is twofold: to describe the grammatical features of phrasal expressions and to show how they are used and understood in relation to the ongoing institutional activities. Our study is part of the research programme Interaction and variation in pluricentric languages, in which Swedish is studied as a pluricentric language in three different social domains: service, education and preventive healthcare (Norrby et al. 2012). Our data are in some ways similar to medical encounters; it is a conversation between an expert and a person whose body and well-being are in focus (Heritage & Maynard 2006). In other ways it differs from the medical setting, since it is more about avoiding illness than seeking remedy for it, and the expert status of a personal trainer is not as well consolidated as a doctor’s. The business of health-promoting activities has grown extensively in recent years in Sweden and Finland, and there is an ongoing social change when it comes to the individual’s conception of illness and health and of her/his relation to the body. This makes sociolinguistic studies of this domain relevant. We use Conversation Analysis (Sidnell & Stivers 2013) in order to study the sequential, linguistic and embodied patterns of communication in the data. We also use fieldwork observations in the analysis, in the tradition of ethnography of communication (Saville-Troike 2003). The results show how the participants’ orientation to the ongoing bodily activity is critical to achieve an intersubjective understanding of phrasal expressions as social actions. The interaction between the personal trainers and the clients also shows how the individuals take responsibility for their own health. Furthermore, the results indicate that the cultural context might influence on how the social actions in focus are performed in talk-in-interaction.

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