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Characterizing hippocampal dynamics with MEG: A systematic review and evidence-based guidelines

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Emily Ruzich
M. Crespo-Garcia
S. S. Dalal
Justin F. Schneiderman
Publicerad i Human Brain Mapping
Volym 40
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 1353-1375
ISSN 1065-9471
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för klinisk neurovetenskap
Sidor 1353-1375
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbm.24445
Ämnesord beamforming, deep sources, deep structures, hippocampus, magnetoencephalography, MEG, neural, medial temporal-lobe, theta oscillations, spatial navigation, source, localization, clinical-yield, functional mri, gamma activity, bold fmri, memory, magnetoencephalography
Ämneskategorier Neurovetenskaper

Sammanfattning

The hippocampus, a hub of activity for a variety of important cognitive processes, is a target of increasing interest for researchers and clinicians. Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is an attractive technique for imaging spectro-temporal aspects of function, for example, neural oscillations and network timing, especially in shallow cortical structures. However, the decrease in MEG signal-to-noise ratio as a function of source depth implies that the utility of MEG for investigations of deeper brain structures, including the hippocampus, is less clear. To determine whether MEG can be used to detect and localize activity from the hippocampus, we executed a systematic review of the existing literature and found successful detection of oscillatory neural activity originating in the hippocampus with MEG. Prerequisites are the use of established experimental paradigms, adequate coregistration, forward modeling, analysis methods, optimization of signal-to-noise ratios, and protocol trial designs that maximize contrast for hippocampal activity while minimizing those from other brain regions. While localizing activity to specific sub-structures within the hippocampus has not been achieved, we provide recommendations for improving the reliability of such endeavors.

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