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The influence of strain rate and presence of dispersed second phases on the deformation behaviour of polycrystalline D2O ice

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Christopher J.L. Wilson
Nicholas J.R. Hunter
Vladimir Luzin
Mark Peternell
Sandra Piazolo
Publicerad i Journal of Glaciology
Volym 65
Nummer/häfte 249
Sidor 101-122
ISSN 0022-1430
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid
Sidor 101-122
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1017/jog.2018.10...
https://www.cambridge.org/core/prod...
Ämnesord ice crystal studies, ice rheology, structural glaciology
Ämneskategorier Annan geovetenskap och miljövetenskap, Endogen geovetenskap, Multidisciplinär geovetenskap, Klimatforskning, Geologi

Sammanfattning

This contribution discusses results obtained from 3-D neutron diffraction and 2-D fabric analyser in situ deformation experiments on laboratory-prepared polycrystalline deuterated ice and ice containing a second phase. The two-phase samples used in the experiments are composed of an ice matrix with (1) air bubbles, (2) rigid, rhombohedral-shaped calcite and (3) rheologically soft, platy graphite. Samples were tested at 10°C below the melting point of deuterated ice at ambient pressures, and two strain rates of 1 × 10 −5 s −1 (fast) and 2.5 × 10 −6 s −1 (medium). Nature and distribution of the second phase controlled the rheological behaviour of the ice by pinning grain boundary migration. Peak stresses increased with the presence of second-phase particles and during fast strain rate cycles. Ice-only samples exhibit well-developed crystallographic preferred orientations (CPOs) and dynamically recrystallized microstructures, typifying deformation via dislocation creep, where the CPO intensity is influenced in part by the strain rate. CPOs are accompanied by a concentration of [ c ]-axes in cones about the compression axis, coinciding with increasing activity of prismatic- slip activity. Ice with second phases, deformed in a relatively slower strain rate regime, exhibit greater grain boundary migration and stronger CPO intensities than samples deformed at higher strain rates or strain rate cycles.

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