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Climate change adaptation: a study of multiple climate-smart practices in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare H. Teklewold
A. Mekonnen
Gunnar Köhlin
Publicerad i Climate and Development
Volym 11
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 180-192
ISSN 1756-5529
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för nationalekonomi med statistik
Sidor 180-192
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1080/17565529.2018.14...
Ämnesord multiple adaptation practices, climate change, multivariate and ordered probit, Ethiopia, sustainable intensification, adoption, agriculture, management, decisions, farmers, tillage, Development Studies, Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Ämneskategorier Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap

Sammanfattning

Improving farm-level use of multiple climate change adaptation strategies is essential for improving household food security, particularly against a backdrop of a high risk of climatic shocks. However, the empirical foundation for understanding how farm households choose multiple climate-smart practices is far from being established. In this paper, the effects of household, farm and climatic factors on farmers' decisions to use multiple adaptation practices are analysed. A survey of 921 farm households and 4312 farm plots combined with historical climate data in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia is explored using multivariate and random effect ordered probit econometric models. Results show agricultural production can be characterized by complementarities between adaptation practices. This result is important to designing packages of adaptation practices. The econometric results confirm that social capital, tenure security and climatic shocks are important determinants of the choice of the type and number of adaptation practices. The results suggest the need for carefully designing combinations of adaptation strategies based on agro-ecological conditions.

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