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Oral health and dental care of older persons-A systematic map of systematic reviews

Forskningsöversiktsartikel
Författare A. Astvaldsdottir
A. M. Bostrom
T. Davidson
P. Gabre
Lars Gahnberg
G. S. Englund
P. Skott
K. Stahlnacke
S. Tranaeus
H. Wilhelmsson
I. Wardh
P. Ostlund
M. Nilsson
Publicerad i Gerodontology
Volym 35
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 290-304
ISSN 0734-0664
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi
Sidor 290-304
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/ger.12368
Ämnesord geriatric dentistry, knowledge gaps, older persons, oral health, person-centred care, systematic, long-term-care, nursing-home residents, methodological quality, chewing, ability, elderly-people, risk-factors, tooth loss, adults, association, dementia, Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine, Geriatrics & Gerontology
Ämneskategorier Odontologi

Sammanfattning

Objectives: To examine the current knowledge on oral health status and dental care of older persons through a systematic mapping of systematic reviews of low or moderate risk of bias. Background: Geriatric dentistry covers all aspects of oral health and oral care of older persons. Oral health is part of general health and contributes to a person's physical, psychological and social wellbeing. Methods: A literature search was performed in three different databases (PubMed, The Cochrane Library and Cinahl) within 12 domains: Dental caries, periodontitis, Orofacial pain and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain, mucosal lesions, oral motor function, dry mouth, halitosis, interaction between oral status and other medical conditions, ability to interrelate and communicate, quality of life, ethics and organisation of dental care for older persons. Systematic reviews were identified and scrutinised, highlighting scientific knowledge and knowledge gaps. Results: We included 32 systematic reviews of which 14 were judged to be of low/moderate risk of bias. Most of the domains lack systematic reviews with low or moderate risk of bias. In two of the domains evidence was identified; in institutionalised people aged 65 or older, effective oral hygiene can prevent pneumonia. Furthermore, there is an evidence of a relationship between malnutrition (protein energy-related malnutrition, PEM) and poor appetite and edentulousness. Conclusions: There is an urgent need for further research and evidence-based knowledge within most domains in geriatric dentistry and in other fields related to oral health and dental care for older persons striving for multi-disciplinary research programmes.

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