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Research Projects that I Would Carry Out if I Receive the Millions Needed

Inledande text i tidskrift
Författare Adrian Parker
Publicerad i Proceedings of the 42nd International Conference of the Society for Psychical Research
Sidor 4-5
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 4-5
Språk en
Ämnesord Consciousness, Shift in state, Near death experiences, mediumship.
Ämneskategorier Psykologi


In the year 2003 the Swedish entrepreneur Dag Landvik, inventor of Tempur Mattress, stated publicly he would support university parapsychology with 100 million Swedish crowns, then worth about 9 million pounds (Landvik, 2003). The announcement coincided with the establishment of the professorship at Lund University that was intended by another older endowment to be in parapsychology, This appointment was unfortunately steered away from parapsychological research so the outcome was that this massive additional offer to fund the field was forthwith forfeited by Swedish universities. For many established fields this level of funding is not such an extraordinary sum but it is one that which would clearly make a clear and decisive difference to this field. Although the field lacks now the credibility that would attract more major donors of this calibre, it is still an erstwhile exercise to view promising areas for future funded research should the situation change. Many authorities recognise the need for a plausible theory rather than more evidence for psi. Walter von Lucadou's theory known as the Model of Pragmatic Information is singular in parapsychology by providing such a comprehensive theory of the wide range of psychic phenomena (von Lucadou, 2017). However the unproven major assumption is that quantum effects can occur at a human social level. The theory is currently being tested using matrices of measurements to get around hypothesised the replication blockage and if these are successful the theory would deserve a major research backing and publicity. Until a major theory gains support, the emphasis has to be on simpler hypotheses. In contrast to the approach dominant in UK parapsychology, the focus would be on special states and special participants. The attempt to "normalise" psi can mean that we have been missed several opportunities in working with apparently gifted individuals. Twin Telepathy Research: This might be a way of finding gifted participants and the writings of Guy Lyon Playfair have been undoubtedly inspirational to research on this topic (Playfair, 2002; Parker & Jensen, 2012; Brusewitz et al, 2016). The Shift in State Hypothesis: This is the notion that strong shifts in the state of consciousness are associated with psi. The hypothesis was first proposed in 1966 by the psychologist Gardner Murphy and later taken up in experimental work by (Honorton et al, 1973; Parker, 1976; Palmer et al, 1977, Harley & Sargent, 1980, Parker, 2004). What seems methodologically important is measuring the changes as they happen in the altered state rather than by post experiment inquiry (by calling out a point on a numerical scale previously learned by the participant or by an analysis of the recorded verbalised thought processes). Shared states of Consciousness: The notion to be tested here is that by having both the receiver and sender in the same state of consciousness we can explore psi based alternative realities. The proposal gained Charley Tart the 1972 publication in Science on the need for state specific sciences but since then little else has been published on the topic other than anecdotes - with the exception of mutual lucid dream states (Waggoner, 2009, pp 219-220; Waggoner & McCready, 2017). Mediumship: Although there is some promising preliminary work on the neuropsychology of mediumship and possession amongst mediums (Hageman et al 2010) it would be of interest to compare the physiology of mediums in trance and channelling with that of actors when they are engaged in role play. Given that the use of mediums for the forensic tasks appears to have been at least on some occasions highly successful (Lyons & Truzzi, 1992) this area may offer some opportunities to explore possible differential predictions concerning the agency or source behind the communications. Near Death Experiences: If there is no perfusion then a flat-line EEG occurs at around 15-20 sec following cardiac arrest. The duration of survival following cardiac arrest is now greatly extended for those exposed to hypothermia - so long as CPR is maintained. The question is: do patients with long periods of cardiac arrest but with minimum perfusion still report the same classical and detailed form of NDEs? It would be valuable to collate and compare what is recalled in these states where brain activity is severely impaired or believed to be in abeyance (Kelly, 2018; Thornard et al, 2013; Verville et al, 2015). The comparison with NDEs could even be extended to a comparison with psychedelic experiences (Luke, 2017). Thought-forms: Veteran psychical researcher, Tony Cornell, remarked that there was something basic phenomenon that was being missed. Could this be the production of thoughtforms - a form of independent mental activity representing the unconscious or conscious needs and described in various other cultures as the tulpa, the pooka and the djinn, thoughtforms in combination with psi would explain many of the enigmas in poltergeist phenomena, apparitional experiences and medium communications (Puhle & Parker, 2018). Martin Johnson continually revised his predictions for when the supposed research breakthrough would occur because of increases in globalisation and the economic steering of research at universities, which in his opinion disfavoured university parapsychology. Would any of the above lead to this breakthrough? Very possibly not, but any advance with these areas would highlight psi as attribute of consciousness and the current interest in consciousness provides the long sought after opening. References Brusewitz, B., Parker, A. Luke, D., Puhle, A., & Ross F. (2016) Exploratory Study of Physiological Connectedness Among Twins in Relation to Attachment. 59th Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association and 35th Annual Conference of the Society for Scientic Exploration, Boulder, Colorado, USA Carpentar, J. (2004) Implicit measures of participants' experiences in the ganzfeld: Confirmation of previous relationships in a new sample. Proceedings of the Parapsychological Association Convention. Charland-Verville, V. et al (2015) Near-Death Experiences in patients with locked-in syndrome: Not always a blissful journey. Consciousness and Cognition, 34. 28-32. Gilbert, Mads; Gilbert M; Busund R; Skagseth A; Nilsen P; Solbo J (2000). "Resuscitation from accidental hypothermia of 13.7°C with circulatory arrest". The Lancet. 355 (9201): 375–376. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(00)01021-7. Hageman, J.H., Peres, J.F.P., Moreira-Almeida, A., Caixeta, L., Wickramasekera, I., & Krippner, S. C. (2009). The Neurobiology of Trance and Mediumship in Brazil. In S. C. Krippner & H. L. Friedman (Eds.), Mysterious Minds: The Neurobiology of Psychics, Mediums, and Other Extraordinary People. USA: Praeger. Harley, T. A., & Sargent, C. (1980). Trait and state factors influencing ESP performance in the Ganzfeld. Research in Parapsychology 1979, 126-127. Honorton, C., Drucker, S., & Hermon, H. (1973). Shifts in subjective state and GESP. A preliminary study under conditions of partial sensory deprivation. Johnson, M. (1980) Parapsykologi [Parapsychology]. Uddevalla, Sweden: Zindermans. Landvik, D. (2003, April 7). Planning a large donation. [Interview]. Dagens industri.(Today’s Industry), 7. Luke, D. (2017) Other Worlds. Psychedelics and exceptional human experience. London: Muswell Hill Press. Lyons, Arthur, and Marcello Truzzi. 1992. Blue Sense. Psychic Detectives and Crimes. New York: The Mysterious Press Kelly, E. F. (2018) Review of S. Laureys G. Tononi (Ed.s) The Neurology of Consciousness: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuropathology. Journal of Scientific Exploration in press Parker, A. (1976) States of Mind. New York: Taplinger. Parker , A. (1994), Eyeballing the ganzfeld. Proceedings of Parapsychological Association. Parker, A. (2000) A review of the Ganzfeld work at Gothenburg University. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 64, 1-15. Parker, A. & Jensen, C. G. (2012) Further possible physiological connectedness between identical twins. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing, 9, (1), 339-347. Parker, A. (2015). ‘The jungle of hypnotic psi: Part 2 Research on relationships between psi and hypnosis.’ Journal of Parapsychology 79, 37–52. Parker, A. & Puhle, A. (2018) Thoughtforms https://psi-encyclopedia.spr.ac.uk/articles/thoughtforms Playfair; G. L. (2002) Twin Telepathy. London: Vega. Rothma, J (2018) Are We Already Living in Virtual Reality? The New Yorker April 2. Thonnard, M. et al (2013) Characteristics of Near-Death Experiences Memories as Compared to Real and Imagined Events Memories Plos One. 6 (3) http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0057620 Waggoner, R. (2009) Lucid Dreaming Needham, Mass.: Moment Point Press Waggoner, R. & McCready, C. (2015) Lucid Dreaming: Plain and Simple. Conari Press San Francisco

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