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Parental illness intrusiveness and youth glycaemic control in type 1 diabetes: intergenerational associations and processes.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Sofie Prikken
Leen Oris
Jessica Rassart
Lies Christine Missotten
Ilse Weets
Philip Moons
Liesbet Goubert
Koen Luyckx
Publicerad i Psychology & health
Sidor 1-18
ISSN 1476-8321
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa
Sidor 1-18
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2018.15...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämneskategorier Omvårdnad, Hälsovetenskaper, Psykologi

Sammanfattning

This study examined associations between the functioning of youth with type 1 diabetes and their parents, including parenting dimensions as intervening mechanisms. The study adds to the existing literature by focusing on (1) the concept of parental illness intrusiveness; (2) the (understudied) periods of adolescence and emerging adulthood; and (3) maternal and paternal functioning.Questionnaires were completed by 317 patient-mother dyads and 277 patient-father dyads. All patients (aged 14-25) had type 1 diabetes. The hypothesised model was compared to an alternative model using structural equation modelling.Youth reported on depressive symptoms and treatment adherence; Physicians provided HbA1c-values. Parents reported on illness intrusiveness, depressive symptoms, and their child's treatment adherence. Patients and parents reported on psychological control and overprotection.The hypothesised path model had a good fit to the data. Parental illness intrusiveness was positively associated with depressive symptoms and both were positively related to overprotection and psychological control. Psychological control was positively related to patients' depressive symptoms and negatively to treatment adherence. Poorer treatment adherence was associated with worse HbA1c-values.These findings underscore the relevance of parental illness intrusiveness and emphasise the importance of mothers' and fathers' roles throughout adolescence and emerging adulthood.

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