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Meal frequency and vegetable intake does not predict the development of frailty in older adults

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Julie Johannesson
Elisabeth Rothenberg
Susanne Gustafsson
Frode Slinde
Publicerad i Nutrition & Health
Volym 25
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 21-28
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för hälsa och rehabilitering
Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för invärtesmedicin och klinisk nutrition
Centrum för åldrande och hälsa (AgeCap)
Sidor 21-28
Språk en
Länkar doi.org/10.1177/0260106018815224
Ämnesord Aged 80 and over, meal frequency, vegetable intake, frailty, community-dwelling,
Ämneskategorier Gerontologi, medicinsk/hälsovetenskaplig inriktning, Näringslära

Sammanfattning

Background: Frailty is considered highly prevalent among the aging population. Fruit and vegetable intake is associated with positive health outcomes across the life-span; however, the relationship with health benefits among older adults has received little attention. Aim: The aim was to examine if a relationship exists between meal frequency or frequency of vegetable intake and the development of frailty in a population of older adults. Methods: A total of 371 individuals, 80 years or older, from the study ‘Elderly Persons in the Risk Zone’ were included. Data was collected in the participants’ home by face-to-face interviews up to 24 months after the intervention. Baseline data were calculated using Chi2-test; statistical significance was accepted at the 5% level. Binary logistic regression was used for the relationship between meal frequency or vegetable intake and frailty. Results: Mean meal frequency was 4.2 ± 0.9 meals per day; women seem to have a somewhat higher meal frequency than men (p=0.02); 57% of the participants had vegetables with at least one meal per day. No significant relationship was found between meal frequency or vegetable intake and frailty at 12 or 24 months follow-ups. Conclusions: Among this group of older adults (80+), meal frequency was slightly higher among women than men, and just over half of the participants had vegetables with at least one meal a day. The risk of developing frailty was not associated with meal frequency or vegetable intake. The questions in this study were meant as indicators for healthy food habits.

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