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Deglaciation of coastal south-western Spitsbergen dated with in situ cosmogenic Be-10 and C-14 measurements

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare N. E. Young
J. Lamp
T. Koffman
J. P. Briner
J. Schaefer
E. F. Gjermundsen
H. Linge
S. Zimmerman
T. P. Guilderson
D. Fabel
Anne Hormes
Publicerad i Journal of Quaternary Science
Volym 33
Nummer/häfte 7
Sidor 763-776
ISSN 0267-8179
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för geovetenskaper
Sidor 763-776
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1002/jqs.3058
Ämnesord cosmogenic nuclides, ice sheets, in situ, C-14, Quaternary, Svalbard, sea-ice-sheet, nuclide production-rates, marine-sediments, glacial, history, svalbard margin, last glaciation, exposure ages, al-26, holocene, retreat, Physical Geography, Geology
Ämneskategorier Geologi, Fysisk geografi

Sammanfattning

The Svalbard-Barents ice sheet was predominantly a marine-based ice sheet and reconstructing the timing and rate of its decay during the last deglaciation informs predictions of future decay of marine-based ice sheets (e.g. West Antarctica). Records of ice-sheet change are routinely built with cosmogenic surface exposure ages, but in some regions, this method is complicated by the presence of isotopic inheritance yielding artificially old and erroneous exposure ages for the most recent deglaciation. We present 46 Be-10 ages from south-western Spitsbergen that, when paired with in situ(14)C measurements (n=5), constrain the timing of coastal deglaciation following the last glacial maximum. Be-10 and in situ(14)C measurements from bedrock along a approximate to 400-m elevation transect reveal inheritance-skewed Be-10 ages, whereas in situ(14)C measurements constrain 400m of ice-sheet thinning and coastal deglaciation at 17.4 +/- 1.5 ka. Our in situ(14)C-dated transect, combined with three additional Be-10-dated coastal sites, show that the south-western margin of the Svalbard-Barents ice sheet retreated out of the Norwegian Sea between approximate to 18 and 16 ka. In situ(14)C measurements provide key chronological information on ice-sheet response to the last termination in cases where measurements of long-lived nuclides are compromised by isotopic inheritance.

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