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The amyloid-β isoform pattern in cerebrospinal fluid in familial PSEN1 M139T- and L286P-associated Alzheimer's disease

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Erik Portelius
Juan Fortea
Jose Luis Molinuevo
Mikael K Gustavsson
Ulf Andreasson
Raquel Sanchez-Valle
Publicerad i Molecular Medicine Reports
Volym 5
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 1111-1115
ISSN 17912997
Publiceringsår 2012
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi
Sidor 1111-1115
Språk en
Länkar doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2012.774
Ämnesord Amyloid-β isoforms, Familial Alzheimer's, Mass spectrometry, Presenilin
Ämneskategorier Neurovetenskap

Sammanfattning

There are several familial forms of Alzheimer's disease (AD) most of which are caused by mutations in the genes that encode the presenilin enzymes involved in the production of amyloid-β (Aβ) from the amyloid precursor protein (APP). In AD, Aβ forms fibrils that are deposited in the brain as plaques. Much of the fibrillar Aβ found in the plaques consists of the 42 amino acid form of Aβ (Aβ1-42) and it is now widely accepted that Aβ is related to the pathogenesis of AD and that Aβ may both impair memory and be neurotoxic. In human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) several C- and N-terminally truncated Aβ isoforms have been detected and their relative abundance pattern is thought to reflect the production and clearance of Aβ. By using immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry, we have previously demonstrated that carriers of the familial AD (FAD)-associated PSEN1 A431E mutation have low CSF levels of C-terminally truncated Aβ isoforms shorter than Aβ1-40. Here we replicate this finding in symptomatic carriers of the FAD-causing PSEN1 L286P mutation. Furthermore, we show that preclinical carriers of the PSEN1 M139T mutation may overexpress Aβ1-42 suggesting that this particular mutation may cause AD by stimulating γ-secretase-mediated cleavage at amino acid 42 in the Aβ sequence.

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