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Associations between maternal dietary patterns and infant birth weight, small and large for gestational age in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Linda Englund-Ögge
Anne Lise Brantsæter
Julius Juodakis
Margareta Haugen
Helle Margrete Meltzer
Bo Jacobsson
Verena Sengpiel
Publicerad i European journal of clinical nutrition
ISSN 1476-5640
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för obstetrik och gynekologi
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0356-...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämneskategorier Klinisk medicin, Reproduktionsmedicin och gynekologi, Obstetrik och kvinnosjukdomar, Obstetrik och gynekologi

Sammanfattning

To assess whether quality of maternal diet affects birth weight and the risk of small for gestational age (SGA) and/or large for gestational age (LGA) babies.This study is based on the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) and includes 65,904 pregnant women who answered a validated food frequency questionnaire at mid-pregnancy. Three maternal dietary patterns were extracted based on characteristics of food items in each pattern. From these we created four non-overlapping groups: "high prudent," "high Western," "high traditional," and "mixed". We obtained information about birth weight from the Norwegian Medical Birth Registry and calculated birth weight z-scores, SGA, and LGA according to an ultrasound-based, population-based, and a customized growth standards. Associations were studied by linear and multiple logistic regression.Compared to the high Western group, the high prudent group was associated with lower birth weight (βultrasound z-scores -0.041 (95% confidence interval (CI): -0.068, -0.013)) and the high traditional group with higher birth weight (βultrasound 0.067 (95% CI: 0.040, 0.094)) for all three growth standards. The high prudent pattern was associated with increased SGA risk (SGAultrasound odds ratio (OR) 1.25 (95% CI: 1.02, 1.54)) and decreased LGA risk (LGApopulation OR 0.84 (95% CI: 0.75, 0.94)), while the high traditional group on the contrary was associated with decreased SGA (SGAcustomized OR 0.92 (95% CI: 0.84, 0.99)) and increased LGA risk (LGApopulation OR 1.12 (95% CI: 1.02, 1.24)).Food quality was associated with birth weight in this well-nourished Norwegian population. Food quality may affect a woman's risk of giving birth to a SGA or LGA baby.

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