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Identifying the key source of deteriorating educational equity in Sweden between 1998 and 2014

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Kajsa Yang Hansen
Jan-Eric Gustafsson
Publicerad i International Journal of Educational Research
Volym 93
Sidor 79-90
ISSN 0883-0355
Publiceringsår 2019
Publicerad vid Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik
Sidor 79-90
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2018...
Ämnesord Educational equity, Socioeconomic status, Educational reform, School choice, Three-level analysis
Ämneskategorier Pedagogik

Sammanfattning

Educational equity has deteriorated in Sweden from the late 1980s onwards. However, it is not clear what the main sources behind this trend are. The present study aims therefore to investigate the development of educational equity at different levels of the Swedish educational system in order to identify possible sources of the change. Students’ school grades and family educational background for the cohorts leaving compulsory school between 1998 and 2014 were analysed in three-level hierarchical models. Increased segregation with respect to student composition and academic outcomes across different schools was found to be the main source of the declining educational equity. The findings are discussed in the light of differentiated learning opportunities, as a result of recent school reforms in Sweden.

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