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Elastase as a potential biomarker for radiation-induced gut wall injury of the distal bowel in an experimental mouse model

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Fei Sjöberg
Dilip Malipatlolla
Piyush Patel
Ulrica Wilderäng
Marie Kalm
Gunnar Steineck
Cecilia Bull
Publicerad i Acta Oncologica
Volym 57
Nummer/häfte 8
Sidor 1025-1030
ISSN 0284-186X
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för onkologi
Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för farmakologi
Sidor 1025-1030
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1080/0284186x.2018.14...
Ämnesord fecal calprotectin, neutrophil elastase, epithelial permeability, pseudomonas-aeruginosa, pelvic radiotherapy, lung injury, disease, cancer, mice, lactoferrin, Oncology
Ämneskategorier Cancer och onkologi

Sammanfattning

Background and purpose: Traditionally, elastase has been used to study exocrine activity of the pancreas in patients with chronic pancreatitis and cystic fibrosis, and calprotectin as a marker for gut-wall inflammation in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The aim of the study was to find out whether elastase and calprotectin could be used as inflammatory markers for radiation-induced gut wall injury of the distal bowel.Material and methods: Adult male mice were exposed to two, three, or four fractions of 6Gy or 8Gy irradiation to the sigmoid and rectum of the large bowel, using a linear accelerator. Fecal samples were collected from mice at 1, 3, and 6 weeks post-irradiation. The fecal levels of elastase and calprotectin were analyzed using ELISA.Results: Three and 6 weeks after irradiation, we found a dose-effect relationship between dose of ionizing radiation and the fecal level of elastase; that is significantly higher levels of elastase were observed in mice that had received a high irradiation dose. We also found that irradiated mice hosted in the same cage had a comparable level (either high or low) of elastase. No significant differences were observed from the calprotectin data.Conclusions: We found a clear association between the dose of ionizing radiation to the distal colon and the level of elastase in the fecal samples.

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