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Factors Influencing Men's Choice of and Adherence to Active Surveillance for Low-risk Prostate Cancer: A Mixed-method Systematic Review

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare N. Kinsella
P. Stattin
D. Cahill
C. Brown
A. Bill-Axelson
Ola Bratt
Sigrid Carlsson
M. Van Hemelrijck
Publicerad i European Urology
Volym 74
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 261-280
ISSN 0302-2838
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för urologi
Sidor 261-280
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2018.02...
Ämnesord Active surveillance, Treatment choice, Adherence, Prostate cancer, Facilitators, Barriers, Treatment, quality-of-life, treatment decision-making, population-based cohort, follow-up, patient preferences, psychological morbidity, radical, prostatectomy, treatment option, asthma-treatment, self-management, Urology & Nephrology
Ämneskategorier Cancer och onkologi, Urologi och njurmedicin


Context: Despite support for active surveillance (AS) as a first treatment choice for men with low-risk prostate cancer (PC), this strategy is largely underutilised. Objective: To systematically review barriers and facilitators to selecting and adhering to AS for low-risk PC. Evidence acquisition: We searched PsychINFO, PubMed, Medline 2000-now, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane Central databases between 2002 and 2017 using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) statement. The Purpose, Respondents, Explanation, Findings and Significance (PREFS) and Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) quality criteria were applied. Forty-seven studies were identified. Evidence synthesis: Key themes emerged as factors influencing both choice and adherence to AS: (1) patient and tumour factors (age, comorbidities, knowledge, education, socioeconomic status, family history, grade, tumour volume, and fear of progression/side effects); (2) family and social support; (3) provider (speciality, communication, and attitudes); (4) healthcare organisation (geography and type of practice); and (5) health policy (guidelines, year, and awareness). Conclusions: Many factors influence men's choice and adherence to AS on multiple levels. It is important to learn from the experience of other chronic health conditions as well as from institutions/countries that are making significant headway in appropriately recruiting men to AS protocols, through standardised patient information, clinician education, and nationally agreed guidelines, to ultimately decrease heterogeneity in AS practice. Patient summary: We reviewed the scientific literature for factors affecting men's choice and adherence to active surveillance (AS) for low-risk prostate cancer. Our findings suggest that the use of AS could be increased by addressing a variety of factors such as information, psychosocial support, clinician education, and standardised guidelines. (C) 2018 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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