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Estimating secular changes in longitudinal growth patterns underlying adult height with the QEPS model: the Grow Up Gothenburg cohorts

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Anton Holmgren
Aimon Niklasson
A. F. M. Nierop
Lars Gelander
A. S. Aronson
Agneta Sjöberg
Lauren Lissner
Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland
Publicerad i Pediatric Research
Volym 84
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 41-49
ISSN 0031-3998
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi
Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för pediatrik
Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap
Sidor 41-49
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41390-018-0014-...
Ämnesord body-mass index, pubertal development, childhood growth, gestational-age, later life, children, weight, trends, birth, references, Pediatrics, nner jm, 1976, proceedings of the nutrition society, v35, p315
Ämneskategorier Pediatrik

Sammanfattning

BACKGROUND: Over the past 150 years, humans have become taller, and puberty has begun earlier. It is unclear if these changes are continuing in Sweden, and how longitudinal growth patterns are involved. We aimed to evaluate the underlying changes in growth patterns from birth to adulthood by QEPS estimates in two Swedish cohorts born in 1974 and 1990. METHODS: Growth characteristics of the longitudinal 1974 and 1990-birth cohorts (n = 4181) were compared using the QEPS model together with adult heights. RESULTS: There was more rapid fetal/infancy growth in girls/boys born in 1990 compared to 1974, as shown by a faster Etimescale and they were heavier at birth. The laterborn were taller also in childhood as shown by a higher Q-function. Girls born in 1990 had earlier and more pronounced growth during puberty than girls born in 1974. Individuals in the 1990 cohort attained greater adult heights than those in the 1974 cohort; 6 mm taller for females and 10 mm for males. CONCLUSION: A positive change in adult height was attributed to more growth during childhood in both sexes and during puberty for girls. The QEPS model proved to be effective detecting small changes of growth patterns, between two longitudinal growth cohorts born only 16 years apart.

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