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Periodontal disease among older people and its impact on oral health-related quality of life.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Takahiro Kato
Ingemar Abrahamsson
Ulla Wide
Magnus Hakeberg
Publicerad i Gerodontology
Volym 35
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 382-390
ISSN 1741-2358
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi, sektion 1
Institutionen för odontologi, sektion 2
Sidor 382-390
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/ger.12363
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämneskategorier Gerontologi, medicinsk/hälsovetenskaplig inriktning, Folkhälsovetenskap

Sammanfattning

The aim of the study was to evaluate the associations between degree of periodontal disease and number of teeth on oral health-related quality of life among older individuals.Randomly selected 804 participants aged ≥70 derived from two cohorts were included in the analysis. Dental examinations and evaluation of OHRQL using the OHIP-14 (Oral Health Impact Profile-14) were performed. After categorisation of the participants according to the extent of periodontitis in three groups (none, localised with <30% of teeth affected, generalised with ≥30% of teeth affected) and the number of teeth, associations between periodontal status and the number of teeth and the OHIP-14 scores were analysed. Multivariable regression analyses were used taking into account level of periodontitis, number of teeth, age and sex.Among 70-year-old men and women, generalised periodontitis showed an association with poor OHRQL. However, a multivariable analysis failed to demonstrate this association (OR = 1.02, 95% CI: 0.72-1.44). In participants with 1-10 remaining teeth, the OHIP-14 score was significantly increased indicating poor OHRQL, compared with participants with ≥21 remaining teeth (OR = 1.57, 95% CI: 1.13-2.19). Similar findings were observed among women aged 70-92 years.Periodontitis did not show an association with poor OHRQL, however, a significant association between the number of teeth and poor OHRQL was found.

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