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Associations Between Conduct Disorder, Neurodevelopmental Problems and Psychopathic Personality Traits in a Swedish Twin Youth Population

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Olof Svensson
Karolina Sörman
Natalie Durbeej
Paul Lichtenstein
Henrik Anckarsäter
Nora Kerekes
Thomas Nilsson
Publicerad i Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Volym 40
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 586-592
ISSN 0882-2689
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa
Sidor 586-592
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-018-...
Ämnesord Conduct disorder, Neurodevelopmental problems, Psychopathic traits, Callous-unemotional, Grandiose-deceitful
Ämneskategorier Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri, Tillämpad psykologi

Sammanfattning

Previous research has found a complex relationship between psychopathic traits, neurodevelopmental problems (NDPs), and conduct disorder (CD) in children. This study explores associations between psychopathic traits, assessed with the Child Problematic Traits Inventory—Short Version (CPTI-SV), and CD in children with and without coexisting NDPs (i.e., attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD] and autism spectrum disorder [ASD]) in a community-based ample of Swedish twins (n = 8762). Findings indicate weak to moderately strong correlations between psychopathic traits and CD, ADHD, and ASD, respectively. Furthermore, in univariable analyses, both psychopathic traits and NDPs displayed significant positive associations with being screened positive for CD, though only the grandiose-deceitful dimension of CPTI-SV and the ADHD domain concentration and attention deficits remained significantly associated with CD in a multivariable egression model. The results are relevant to screening and assessment in child and youth psychiatry, as a grandiose and deceitful interpersonal style may also be a valid sign of children at risk of developing CD.

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