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POOR MEN: ON THE MASCULINIZATION OF POVERTY IN SWEDEN, 1957-1981

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Lovisa Broström
D. Rauhut
Publicerad i Scandinavian Journal of History
Volym 43
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 410-431
ISSN 0346-8755
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för socialt arbete
Sidor 410-431
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1080/03468755.20...
Ämnesord Sweden, poverty, masculinity, gender, immigration, welfare state, History
Ämneskategorier Historia

Sammanfattning

This paper discusses the underlying causes behind the masculinization of poverty during the period of 1957-1981 in Sweden. Testable hypotheses are derived from a theoretical framework. The findings suggest that the male role as breadwinner disappeared during the analysed period. Lowly educated men and especially male immigrant labour lost their labour market position when industrial society gave way to a new post-industrial society, with an expanding service sector bringing numerous new employment opportunities for women. When sick or unemployed, social assistance was the only social security these men had available. On the other hand, the welfare-state expansion targeted women, particularly single mothers and widows, and thus reduced the number of native women claiming social assistance. The findings also point to the process character of the masculinization of poverty, arguing that women gained significantly more than men from the expansion of the welfare state.

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