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The Other Side of Taxation: Extraction and Social Institutions in the Developing World

Kapitel i bok
Författare Ellen Lust
L. Rakner
Publicerad i Annual review of political science
Sidor 277-294
ISSN 1094-2939
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Statsvetenskapliga institutionen
Sidor 277-294
Språk en
Länkar doi.org/10.1146/annurev-polisci-042...
Ämnesord taxation, social institutions, social extraction, informal taxation, service provision, risk-sharing networks, public-goods provision, ethnic diversity, moral, economy, civil-society, insurance, tanzania, credit, kenya, reciprocity, udhomme r, 1992, environment and planning c-government and policy, v10, p1
Ämneskategorier Statsvetenskap

Sammanfattning

The fiscal sociology literature views the state at the heart of development, but in most developing countries, formal taxation is limited. Instead, local residents make substantial contributions outside the state to the provision of public goods. That is, they engage in what we call social extraction rather than state taxation. This article conceptualizes social extraction and the social institutions that drive extraction. Furthermore, it considers variations in the content of social institutions, and it proposes research agendas that allow us to understand how social institutions impact resource mobilization and development at the community level. It draws lessons from a large, cross-disciplinary literature that includes work in anthropology, sociology, economics, psychology, and political science.

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