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Retirement as a lens for socioeconomic differences in cognition and well-being

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Stefanie König
Magnus Lindwall
Georg Henning
Boo Johansson
Publicerad i Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies
Volym 8
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 63-80
ISSN 2245-0157
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Centrum för åldrande och hälsa (AgeCap)
Sidor 63-80
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.18291/njwls.v8i2.1061...
Ämnesord Retirement / social inequalities / cognition / well-being / cumulative advantages / work demands / education
Ämneskategorier Psykologi, Sociologi

Sammanfattning

This study conceptualizes retirement as a lens with regard to patterns of social inequality across the life course. It investigates if socioeconomic differences in well-being and cognitive performance differ between older workers and retirees, using data from the HEARTS (Health, Aging and Retirement Transitions in Sweden) study. The results provide evidence for retirement as a positive lens with regard to cognition, following the ‘use it or lose it’ hypothesis. We also find evidence for retirement as a negative lens with regard to well-being, supporting the cumulative (dis-)advantages theory. We test different aspects of socioeconomic status, that is, education, income, occupational group, and subjective work aspects and find the strongest effects for education. Hence, this study contributes with an understanding of mechanisms behind social inequalities over the life-course by using retirement and the loss of the work role as a marker for potential change.

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