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Trochanteric fracture-implant motion during healing - A radiostereometry (RSA) study

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Alicja J. Bojan
Anders Jonsson
Hans Granhed
Carl Ekholm
Johan Kärrholm
Publicerad i Injury-International Journal of the Care of the Injured
Volym 49
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 673-679
ISSN 0020-1383
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för ortopedi
Sidor 673-679
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2018.01...
Ämnesord Cut-out, Trochanteric fractures, RSA, Three-dimensional motions, hip screw, fixation, migration, walking, General & Internal Medicine, Emergency Medicine, Orthopedics, Surgery
Ämneskategorier Ortopedi

Sammanfattning

Cut-out complication remains a major unsolved problem in the treatment of trochanteric hip fractures. A better understanding of the three-dimensional fracture-implant motions is needed to enable further development of clinical strategies and countermeasures. The aim of this clinical study was to characterise and quantify three-dimensional motions between the implant and the bone and between the lag screw and nail of the Gamma nail. Radiostereometry Analysis (RSA) analysis was applied in 20 patients with trochanteric hip fractures treated with an intramedullary nail. The following three-dimensional motions were measured postoperatively, at 1 week, 3, 6 and 12 months: translations of the tip of the lag screw in the femoral head, motions of the lag screw in the nail, femoral head motions relative to the nail and nail movements in the femoral shaft. Cranial migration of the tip of the lag screw dominated over the other two translation components in the femoral head. In all fractures the lag screw slid laterally in the nail and the femoral head moved both laterally and inferiorly towards the nail. All femoral heads translated posteriorly relative to the nail, and rotations occurred in both directions with median values close to zero. The nail tended to retrovert in the femoral shaft. Adverse fracture-implant motions were detected in stable trochanteric hip fractures treated with intramedullary nails with high resolution. Therefore, RSA method can be used to evaluate new implant designs and clinical strategies, which aim to reduce cut-out complications. Future RSA studies should aim at more unstable fractures as these are more likely to fail with cut-out. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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