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Understanding one's body and movements from the perspective of young adults with autism: A mixed-methods study.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Ingrid Bertilsson
Amanda Lundvik Gyllensten
Arve Opheim
Gunvor Gard
Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund
Publicerad i Research in developmental disabilities
Volym 78
Sidor 44-54
ISSN 1873-3379
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid
Sidor 44-54
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2018.05.0...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämneskategorier Övrig annan medicin och hälsovetenskap, Neurologi

Sammanfattning

There are but a few studies of how persons with autism perceive their bodies and movements. Difficulties in perceiving the surrounding world along with disturbed motor coordination and executive functions may affect physical and psychological development.To explore the experiences of body and movements in young adults with autism and how two physiotherapeutic instruments may capture these experiences.Eleven young adults (16-22 years) with autism were interviewed and assessed using Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOT2) and Body Awareness Scale Movement Quality and Experience (BAS MQ-E). Following a mixed- methods design, the interviews were deductively analyzed and conceptually integrated to the results of the two assessments.Experiencing conflicting feelings about their bodies/movements, led to low understanding of themselves. The assessments captured these experiences relatively well, presenting both movement quality and quantity. Positive experiences and better movement quality related to having access to more functional daily strategies.Combining motor proficiency and body awareness assessments was optimal to understand the participants' experiences.To capture body and movement functions in persons with autism in this standardized manner will lead to improved and reliable diagnoses, tailored interventions, increased body awareness and activity, and enhanced quality of life.

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