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Innovation and employee injury risk in automotive disassembly operations

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare W. Patrick Neumann
Jörgen Winkel
Gunnar Palmerud
Mikael Forsman
Publicerad i International Journal of Production Research
Volym 56
Nummer/häfte 9
Sidor 3188-3203
ISSN 0020-7543
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Institutionen för sociologi och arbetsvetenskap
Sidor 3188-3203
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1080/00207543.20...
Ämnesord back-track factory, corporate social sustainability, engineering design, ergonomics, human factors, manufacturing, physical workload, rationalisation
Ämneskategorier Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi, Arbetslivsstudier, Annan medicin och hälsovetenskap

Sammanfattning

© 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Engineering innovations in car disassembly systems are studied for affects on system operators’ risk of repetitive strain injury (RSI). Objective instrumented measures of injury risk factors with synchronised video-based task analyses were used to examine changes in operators’ RSI risk during two cases of engineering innovation: (1) a shift in industrial model from traditional extracting saleable parts to line-based full material recovery, and (2) the prospective effects of a simulated ‘Lean’-inspired process improvement in the line system. Both cases of innovation showed significantly increased movement speeds and reduced muscular recovery opportunities, implying increased RSI risk. This case study reveals a mechanism by which innovation may increase RSI risks for operators. Managers responsible for engineering innovation should ensure their teams have the tools and mandate necessary to control injury hazards as part of the development and design process. These cases suggest how failure to manage RSI hazards in the innovation process may allow increases of injury risks that can compromise operational performance. This ‘innovation pitfall’ has implications for operator health and organisational sustainability. Alternative pathways are discussed.

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