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Parental education and family income affect birthweight, early longitudinal growth and body mass index development differently

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Rebecka Bramsved
Susann Regber
Daniel Novak
Kirsten Mehlig
Lauren Lissner
Staffan Mårild
Publicerad i Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)
Volym 107
Nummer/häfte 11
Sidor 1946-1952
ISSN 1651-2227
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa, enheten för folkhälsoepidemiologi
Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för pediatrik
Sidor 1946-1952
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.14215
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämnesord Birthweight; Childhood obesity; Health promotion; Parental education; Socio-economic factors KeyWords Plus:OBESITY; HEALTH; INEQUALITIES; TRAJECTORIES; CHILDHOOD; COUNTRIES; CHILDREN
Ämneskategorier Pediatrik

Sammanfattning

This study investigated the effects of two parental socioeconomic characteristics, education and income, on the growth and obesity risks of children from birth to eight years of age.Longitudinal growth data and national register-based information on socioeconomic characteristics were available for 3,030 Swedish children. The development of body mass index (BMI) and height were compared in groups dichotomised by parental education and income.Low parental education was associated with a higher BMI from four years of age, independent of income, immigrant background, maternal BMI and smoking during pregnancy. Low family income was associated with a lower birth weight, but did not independently affect BMI development. At eight years of age, children from less-educated families had a three times higher risk of obesity, independent of parental income. Children to low educated-high income parents had significantly higher BMI and height than children to high educated-high income parents.Parental education protected against childhood obesity, even after adjusting for income and other important parental characteristics. Income-related differences in height, despite similar BMIs, raise questions about body composition and metabolic risk profiles. The dominant role of education underscores the value of health literacy initiatives for the parents of young children. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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