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How to make local context matter in national advice: Towards adaptive comanagement in Norwegian climate adaptation

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Hege Westskog
Grete K. Hovelsrud
Göran Sundqvist
Publicerad i Weather, Climate, and Society
Volym 9
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 267-283
ISSN 19488327
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid
Sidor 267-283
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1175/WCAS-D-16-0...
Ämnesord adaptive co-management, multi-level governance, climate change adaptation, local context, Norway
Ämneskategorier Sociologi, Annan samhällsvetenskap, Social och ekonomisk geografi

Sammanfattning

© 2017 American Meteorological Society. Drawing on case studies in 12 Norwegian municipalities, this paper investigates how local context matters for developing national climate adaptation policies that are applicable at the municipal level. Moreover, it explicates which factors constitute this context and how these factors vary across the case municipalities. National climate adaptation policy in Norway can currently be characterized as top down, providing standardized requirements and advice to municipalities. However, Norwegian municipalities vary greatly with respect to physical conditions, organizational resources, and societal needs. They are autonomous to a great extent and are almost solely responsible for developing climate policy and planning within their own territories. Therefore, municipalities adapt national policies to their own context, reflecting local physiographic, organizational, and resource challenges, but these local translations are not fully recognized by national and sectoral actors. This paper underscores that the significant variation in contextual factors between municipalities is not sufficiently addressed and understood by national and sectoral governmental authorities. With the identified variation of the contextual factors across the case municipalities, an adaptive comanagement strategy within a multilevel governance system is suggested as a suitable framework to ensure a proactive approach to local adaptation, that is, mutual understanding and better cooperation between the national and local levels.

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