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Expletive passives in Scandinavian – with and without objects

Kapitel i bok
Författare Elisabet Engdahl
Publicerad i Michelle Sheehan & Laura R. Bailey (eds.), Order and structure in syntax II: Subjecthood and argument structure
Sidor 289–306
ISBN 978-3-96110-029-3
Förlag Language Science Press
Förlagsort Berlin
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för svenska språket
Sidor 289–306
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1116...
https://gup.ub.gu.se/file/207221
Ämnesord Swedish, passive, impersonal, parameter, Icelandic, expletive
Ämneskategorier Språkstudier, Lingvistik

Sammanfattning

Holmberg (2002) proposes an account for the variation concerning expletives, participial agreement and word order in periphrastic passives in the Mainland Scandinavian languages in terms of parameters. In this short article, the predictions of Holmberg’s proposal are evaluated against a corpus study of expletive passives. It turns out that only Norwegian 1 (bokmål) behaves as expected given Holmberg’s parameter settings; it lacks participle agreement and only displays the PCP DO word order, with few exceptions. Danish, which has the same parameter settings as Norwegian 1, is shown to have had the DO PCP order in earlier stages and this order is still used in many dialects. Norwegian 2 (nynorsk) and Swedish are predicted to allow both the PCP DO order and the DO PCP order, but it is shown that Norwegian 2 uses the same order as Norwegian 1, PCP DO, whereas Swedish – to the limited extent that the periphrastic passive is actually used in expletive passives – uses the DO PCP order. In both Danish and Swedish, the DO PCP order is facilitated by an incorporated negation in the DO, just as in active clauses, a fact that should presumably be reflected in the analysis.

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