Till sidans topp

Sidansvarig: Webbredaktion
Sidan uppdaterades: 2012-09-11 15:12

Tipsa en vän
Utskriftsversion

Evaluation of the differe… - Göteborgs universitet Till startsida
Webbkarta
Till innehåll Läs mer om hur kakor används på gu.se

Evaluation of the difference in caries experience in diabetic and non-diabetic children-A case control study

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare S. Lai
M. G. Cagetti
F. Cocco
D. Cossellu
G. Meloni
G. Campus
Peter Lingström
Publicerad i Plos One
Volym 12
Nummer/häfte 11
ISSN 1932-6203
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi
Språk en
Länkar doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.018845...
Ämnesord dental-caries, oral-health, metabolic-control, glycemic control, plaque-ph, type-1, mellitus, adolescents, classification, questionnaire, Science & Technology - Other Topics
Ämneskategorier Odontologi

Sammanfattning

Aim To evaluate the caries prevalence and related variables in Type 1 diabetic and non-diabetic children and among the diabetic children according to their metabolic status. Sixty-eight diabetic and 136 non-diabetic children, matching by gender and age (4-14 years) were enrolled. The diabetic children were divided: a) 20 children in good metabolic control (Hb1ac <= 7.5) and b) 48 children in bad metabolic control (Hb1ac > 7.5). Dietary and oral hygiene habits were investigated. Caries status was registered using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System. Oral microflora was analysed using the checker-board DNA-DNA hybridisation method. Plaque acidogenicity was recorded after a sucrose rinse. Sugared beverage and snack intake was higher in diabetic group compared to non-diabetic group (p = 0.03 and p = 0.04, respectively) and in subjects in bad metabolic control (p = 0.03 and p < 0.01, respectively). Oral hygiene habits were similar, except for the use of fluoridated adjuvants, higher in non-diabetic children (p = 0.04). No statistically significant differences were observed regarding caries figures, but a higher number of caries free subjects was found in diabetic subjects in good metabolic control (p<0.01). Significant difference for the main cariogenic bacteria was found between diabetic and non-diabetic subjects (p < 0.05). The pH values showed statistically significant differences between diabetic and non-diabetic subjects and between diabetic subjects in good and bad metabolic control (p < 0.01). Diabetic children in good metabolic control might even be considered at low caries risk, while those in bad metabolic control showed an oral environment prone to a high caries risk.

Sidansvarig: Webbredaktion|Sidan uppdaterades: 2012-09-11
Dela:

På Göteborgs universitet använder vi kakor (cookies) för att webbplatsen ska fungera på ett bra sätt för dig. Genom att surfa vidare godkänner du att vi använder kakor.  Vad är kakor?