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What did we do when the Internet wasn’t around? Variation in free-time activities among three young-adult cohorts from 1990/1991, 2000/2001, and 2010/2011

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Bertil Vilhelmson
Erik Elldér
Eva Thulin
Publicerad i New Media and Society
Volym 20
Nummer/häfte 8
Sidor 2898-2916
ISSN 1461-4448
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för ekonomi och samhälle, Kulturgeografi
Sidor 2898-2916
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1177/14614448177...
Ämnesord Everyday life, free time, information and communication technologies, online/offline activities, Sweden, the Internet, time-poor, time use
Ämneskategorier Social och ekonomisk geografi, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap, Sociologi

Sammanfattning

Comparing the daily time use of three consecutive cohorts of Swedish young adults 20–29 years old, we analyse changes in free-time activity patterns over a period when private Information and Communications Technology (ICT) use was introduced, expanded, and went online. We use Swedish Time Use Survey (TUS) data from 1990/1991, 2000/2001 and 2010/2011 and apply covariate analysis, controlling for important socio-economic factors. Our theoretical approach complements a regular displacement/enhancement perspective by emphasizing the role of time elasticities, time-use priorities, and free-time availability (i.e. being time-poor vs time-rich). Results indicate that online time increased considerably, adapting to increased free time. In addition, offline time spent on social activities, activities with other people, reading books and newspapers and offline hobbies consistently declined. TV viewing increased among the time-rich, fuelling overall screen time. Time spent on outdoor physical activity, entertainment, culture, and voluntary work appear unaffected. The balance between in-home and out-of-home time remained unchanged.

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