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Läkare som handledare i klinisk praktik för läkarstudenter. Kunskaper och erfarenheter.

Doktorsavhandling
Författare Bernhard von Below
Datum för examination 2017-06-07
ISBN 978-91-629-0125-7
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Språk sv
Länkar https://gupea.ub.gu.se/handle/2077/...
Ämnesord Undergraduate medical education, clinical education, clinical tutor, clinical clerkship, preceptorship, workplace, workplace learning, Sweden
Ämneskategorier Medicinska grundvetenskaper, Klinisk medicin

Sammanfattning

Background and aim. Clinical tutors and work place learning are essential resources in modern undergraduate medical education. The aim of this thesis is to increase the knowledge of physicians’ perspective when serving as clinical tutors by studying and analysing their experiences of clinical tutorship. Aim of Study one was to evaluate and analyse the experiences of students and tutors at a new Early Professional Contact course and to illuminate tutors’ working conditions. Aim of Study two: to seek a deeper understanding of the experiences of clinical tutors. Aim of Study three: to analyse experienced general practitioner tutors’ perceptions of a skilled clinical tutor. Aim of Study four: to identify factors encouraging junior doctors to engage as long-term clinical tutors in undergraduate medical education. Methods. The thesis is based on one quantitative and three qualitative studies. Study one: A questionnaire to students and tutors of the course, and a statistical analysis of the answers. Study two: Interviews with twelve experienced clinical tutors using the analytic method of systematic text condensation. Study three: Focus group interviews of twenty general practitioners using the analytic method of qualitative content analysis. Study four: Accounts written by twenty-seven junior doctors were analysed with a qualitative content analysis method. Results. Study one: Both clinical tutors and students were satisfied with the course. Tutors found their task inspiring but experienced a greater workload, less reasonable demands and less support, than students. Study two: five main groups of clinical tutors’ experiences emerged: Pleasure and stimulation, Disappointment and stagnation, Demands and duty, Impact of workplace relations and Multitasking difficulties. Study three: To describe a skilled clinical tutor in a primary health care setting, three main themes emerged: Professional as a general practitioner and ambassador to general practice, Committed and student-centred educator, and Coordinator of the learning environment. Study four: An overarching theme emerged:”Let me develop my skills in a supportive workplace, give me feedback and merits, and I will continue tutoring”. Findings of the thesis are, that clinical tutorship is appreciated by the tutoring physicians and provides pleasure and stimulation. Tutors are motivated and have the ambition to give students their best but also a loyalty to their profession. Counteracting factors have been found: time pressure, heavy workload, and difficulties in combining the many duties as a physician with that of a tutor, especially combining meeting patients and students. Factors encouraging tutorship are acceptance and support from clinical management, colleagues and staff, adequate time, feedback, and merits, as well as preparatory and continuing tutor’s training. Conclusion. Clinical tutors play a crucial role in today’s undergraduate medical education. Tutors’ experiences were complex, providing both pleasure and stimulation, but also time pressure and conflicts when combining different roles as physicians. A sustainable tutorship and a satisfactory learning environment require a time frame, clear support from leaders, colleagues and workplace professionals along with feedback and merits. Clinical education and tutor’s key role need to be acknowledged and integrated as essential parts of the health care system. Keywords: Undergraduate medical education, clinical education, clinical tutor, clinical clerkships, preceptorship, workplace, workplace learning, Sweden ISBN: 978-91-629-0125-7 (Print), 978-91-629-0126-4 (PDF)

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