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Low leisure-time physical activity, but not shift-work, contributes to the development of sleep complaints in Swedish health care workers

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare M. Gerber
Magnus Lindwall
M. Börjesson
Emina Hadzibajramovic
I. H. Jonsdottir
Publicerad i Mental Health and Physical Activity
Volym 13
Sidor 22-29
ISSN 1755-2966
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 22-29
Språk en
Länkar doi.org/10.1016/j.mhpa.2017.09.003
Ämnesord Complaints, Follow-up, Health care workers, Physical activity, Shift, Sleep
Ämneskategorier Miljömedicin och yrkesmedicin

Sammanfattning

Problem Regular physical activity (PA) can prevent sleep complaints and improve sleep among people with sleep disorders, whereas nocturnal shift work is linked with a higher risk of sleep problems. The present study examines the prospective contribution of PA and nocturnal shift work to the development of subjective sleep complaints. Methods Data is based on 1406 health care workers (M = 45.67 years, 88% women). Physical activity and sleep complaints were assessed via self-reports twice across a 2-year period. To address the issue of reverse causation, only participants without initial sleep difficulties were included in the prospective analyses. Results Moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) was associated with a lower risk of developing difficulties falling asleep at the 2-year follow-up. Both light PA and MVPA were associated with a lower risk of developing feeling of exhaustion upon waking. The prospective association between PA and these two sleep complaints persisted after controlling for covariates. No significant prospective association was found between PA and night time awakenings. Shift work was not related to any of the sleep complaints. Conclusions The findings suggest that regular PA contributes to the prevention of new sleep complaints, independent of whether participants engage in nocturnal shift work. Promoting PA can be a promising strategy to prevent sleep problems, both in shift-workers and non-shift-workers. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

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