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“Gimme Shelter”: The Role of Democracy and Institutional Quality in Disaster Preparedness

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Tove Ahlbom Persson
Marina Povitkina
Publicerad i Political research quarterly
Volym 70
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 833–847
ISSN 1065-9129
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Statsvetenskapliga institutionen
Sidor 833–847
Språk en
Länkar doi.org/10.1177/1065912917716335
Ämnesord democracy, institutional quality, vulnerability, natural disasters
Ämneskategorier Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)


Natural disasters cause suffering for millions of people around the globe every year, and as climate change unfolds, the likelihood of natural catastrophes is increasing. While weather shocks such as earthquakes, tornadoes, and floods are beyond our control, the governments’ capacity to protect populations largely determines the degree of human suffering in disasters. Democracies, with freedom of speech, broad public participation, and representation, are believed to protect their populations better than nondemocratic regimes. However, democratic institutions are insufficient for securing protection from disasters in contexts of corruption, poor planning, and public administration incompetence. We argue that the effect of democracy on the extent of human suffering in disasters is contingent on the ability of governments to implement their tasks or the quality of implementing institutions. We test this interaction hypothesis using time-series cross-sectional data from the Varieties of Democracy project, the Quality of Government dataset, and the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters. The results show that more democracy is associated with fewer people being affected by natural disasters only in settings where institutional quality is high. When institutional quality is low, more people seem to suffer in democracies than in authoritarian states.

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