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Addressing Social Sustainability for Small-Scale Fisheries in Sweden: Institutional Barriers for Implementing the Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines

Kapitel i bok
Författare Milena Arias Schreiber
Filippa Säwe
Johan Hultman
Sebastian Linke
Publicerad i The Small-Scale Fisheries Guidelines: Global Implementation
Sidor 717-736
ISBN 978-3-319-55073-2
Förlag Springer International Publishing; MARE Publication Series
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för globala studier
Institutionen för filosofi, lingvistik och vetenskapsteori
Sidor 717-736
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-5...
Ämneskategorier Tvärvetenskapliga studier, Annan samhällsvetenskap, Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap, Forskning om Europa, Statsvetenskap, Globaliseringsstudier

Sammanfattning

Swedish coastal fisheries are not sustainable in terms of the status of their main fish stocks, their economic profitability, and as source of regular employment. Social sustainability commitments in fisheries governance advocated by the SSF Guidelines have been so far mostly neglected. In this chapter, we bring attention to two institutional settings at different governance levels relevant for the implementation of the SSF Guidelines in the Swedish context. First, we look at the introduction of social goals under the perspective of the EU’s Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). Second, we consider national tensions between forces advocating or opposing a further application of market-based economic instruments, often portrayed as an effective cure for all ills, in fisheries governance. Taking into account the logic on which the SSF Guidelines rest, we evaluate in both cases current processes for stakeholder participation in the formulation of fishing policies and strategies in Sweden. We conclude that the inclusion of a social dimension and stakeholder involvement at the EU level face procedural and institutional limitations that prevent the SSF sector from exploiting opportunities for change. Further challenges to the implementation of the SSF Guidelines arise when central national authorities’ interpretation of societal benefits opposes other interpretations, and consequently economic calculations take precedence over a participatory process-based, knowledge-accumulating approach to resource management. The SSF Guidelines, therefore, provide important material and intellectual resources to make the most of new chances that can lead to an increased likelihood of change in the direction of sustainable coastal fisheries in Sweden.

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