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Proximity changes to what and for whom? Investigating sustainable accessibility change in the Gothenburg city region 1990–2014

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Erik Elldér
Anders Larsson
Ana Gil Sola
Bertil Vilhelmson
Publicerad i International Journal of Sustainable Transportation
Volym 12
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 271–285
ISSN 1556-8318
Publiceringsår 2018
Publicerad vid Institutionen för ekonomi och samhälle, Kulturgeografi
Sidor 271–285
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1080/15568318.2017.13...
Ämnesord Proximity, Sustainable accessibility, Slow modes, Change over time, Heuristic model, Gothenburg
Ämneskategorier Kulturgeografi, Social och ekonomisk geografi

Sammanfattning

This paper operationalizes the concept of sustainable accessibility by emphasizing the environmental and social dimensions of sustainability from a spatial perspective. In doing so, we develop a heuristic model that focusses on the crucial dimensions of who gets access to what by using sustainable means of movement. We apply our conceptual approach in an examination of trends in sustainable accessibility for different social groups living in Gothenburg, Sweden between 1990 and 2014. On the basis of welfare-related and time-geographical considerations, we investigate accessibility by proximity for low- and high-income earners, people with small children, and elderly people. We investigate to what extent proximity to fundamental facilities increases or decreases over time, indicating changing conditions for sustainability. The results show that opportunities for living a local life and achieving accessibility via proximity differ socially. Low-income earners and the elderly generally live closer to the facilities important for daily life than do high-income earners and parents of young children. We also show that the opportunities for various social groups to obtain access by proximity change over time. For example, we observe a trend in which over time older people face reduced opportunities to reach daily facilities in their local neighbourhoods.

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