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Relationships between work-related factors and musculoskeletal health with current and future work ability among male workers

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare J. S. Boschman
Adnan Noor
R. Lundstrom
T. Nilsson
J. K. Sluiter
Mats Hagberg
Publicerad i International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Volym 90
Nummer/häfte 6
Sidor 517-526
ISSN 0340-0131
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa, enheten för arbets-och miljömedicin
Sidor 517-526
Språk en
Länkar doi.org/10.1007/s00420-017-1216-0
Ämnesord Cohort studies, Occupational health, Musculoskeletal disease, Work, Hand strength, Occupations, vibration exposure, grip strength, follow-up, trajectories, symptoms, index, associations, disorders, employees, capacity, Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Ämneskategorier Hälsovetenskaper

Sammanfattning

The purpose was to increase job-specific knowledge about individual and work-related factors and their relationship with current and future work ability (WA). We studied cross-sectional relationships between mental demands, physical exertion during work, grip strength, musculoskeletal pain in the upper extremities and WA and the relationships between these variables and WA 11 years later. We used a dataset of a prospective cohort study (1997-2008) among employees of an engineering plant (n = 157). The cohort was surveyed by means of tests and written questions on work demands, musculoskeletal health, WA score (WAS; 0-10), and mental and physical WA. Spearman correlation coefficients and logistic regression analysis were used. Among manual workers, we found weak correlations between grip strength and current and future physical WA. We did not find predictors for future poor WA among the manual workers. Among the office workers, we found that musculoskeletal pain was moderately and negatively related to current WAS and physical WA. More handgrip strength related to better future WAS and physical WA. Musculoskeletal pain (OR 1.67 p < 0.01) and lower handgrip strength (OR 0.91 p < 0.05) predicted future poor WA among office workers. Our results showed cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between musculoskeletal health and work ability depending on occupation. However, the present implies that predicting work ability in the far future based on health surveillance data is rather difficult. Testing the musculoskeletal system (grip strength) and asking workers' about their musculoskeletal health seems relevant when monitoring work ability.

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