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Communication in children and adolescents after acquired brain injury: An exploratory study

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Åsa Fyrberg
Göran Horneman
Jakob Åsberg Johnels
Gunilla Thunberg
Elisabeth Ahlsén
Publicerad i Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Volym 49
Nummer/häfte 7
Sidor 572-578
ISSN 1650-1977
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi
Institutionen för tillämpad informationsteknologi (GU)
Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 572-578
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.2340/16501977-2243
Ämnesord communication functions; acquired brain injury; children and adolescents; parental ratings.
Ämneskategorier Språk och litteratur, Hälsovetenskaper, Annan medicin och hälsovetenskap

Sammanfattning

Objective: The usability of the Communicative Effectiveness Index (CETI) in adolescents with acquired brain injury was investigated and compared with linguistic, cognitive and brain injury data. Design: A prospective, longitudinal, between-group design. Subjects: Thirty participants were divided into 2 subgroups: CETI+ and CETI− groups. Methods: Parental CETI ratings of daily communication were compared with linguistic data and IQ test results. Lesion site and aetiology were also studied. Results: The CETI+ group (n = 16) had a mean score greater than 75 out of 100, while the mean score of the CETI− group (n = 14) was below 75. Complex daily communication was impaired in both groups, but the CETI− group scored significantly lower on verbal IQ and grammar comprehension tests and had more naming difficulties. A majority of subjects in the CETI− group had a left hemisphere injury. Traumatic vs non-traumatic acquired brain injury did not differentiate the results. Conclusion: Specific complex CETI items provided unique information that is not easily measured by linguistics and cognitive tests for use with the acquired brain injury group. Parental evaluations of communication skills were well reflected in language and verbal IQ test results. Left hemisphere injury was associated with poorer communication outcome

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